学习啦>学习方法>高中学习方法>高二学习方法>高二英语>《高中英语倒装句的详细讲解》正文

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  在英语的学习中,学生需要特别的注意语法的问题,下面学习啦的小编将为大家带来关于倒装句的语法的介绍,希望能够帮助到大家。

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  1.倒装句的定义:英语最基本的词序是主语在谓语动词的前面。

  如果把谓语动词放在主语前面,就叫做倒装。

  2. 倒装句的构成

  a) 完全倒装

  将句子的主语和谓语完全颠倒过来,称之为完全倒装。

  Are you from here? 你是本地人吗?

  Now comes the chance. 机会来了。

  b) 部分倒装

  只将助动词、系动词或情态动词移至主语之前,谓语的其他部分仍保留在主语的后面,称之为部分倒装。例如:

  Has he come? 他来了吗?

  Seldom have we felt as comfortable as here. 我们难得像在这里这么舒服。

  Only in this way can we do the work better.

  3. 倒装的原因

  a) 句子语法结构的需要。例如:

  Did you attend the meeting? 你参加会议了吗?

  Long live peace! 和平万岁!

  b) 一些句型的固定用法。例如:

  Such were his last words. 他最后的话就是这样。

  c)强调的需要。倒装以后,句子更加流畅生动。例如:

  Never before have we seen such a sight. 以前我们从来没有见过这样的情景。

  Before us lay a lot of difficulties. 在我们前面有很多困难。

  Often did we warn them not to do so. 我们曾多次警告他们不要这样做。

  4. 倒装句的基本用法

  a) 构成疑问句(除对主语或主语之定语提问的特殊疑问句外):

  When are we going to drink to your happiness? 我们什么时候喝你们的喜酒?

  Have you seen the film? 你看了那部电影吗?

  b) 在以here, there, now, then, in, away, up down

  c) 副词only+状语放在句首时:

  Only then did he realize his mistakes . 只有在那时他才认识到自己的错误。

  Only in this way can you learn maths well . 只有用这种方法你才能学好数学。

  d) 含有否定意义的副词或连词(如little, hardly, never, rarely, no soonerthan等)放在句首时:

  Little did I think that he could be back alive. 我没有想到他竟能活着回来。

  Not until New Years Day shall I give you a gift. 我要到元旦那天才能给你礼物。

  Hardly had the train arrived at the station when we ran towards the sleeping car looking for our guests.

  火车刚一进站,我们就跑到卧车那儿去找我们的客人。

  e) 副词so或 neither(nor)在句首:

  He is interested in pop-songs, and so am I.他对流行歌曲感兴趣,我也如此。

  He hasnt been to the countryside, neither does he want to go there.他没有去过农村,他也不想去那里。

  f) 在方式状语thus开头的句子中及程度状语so放句首:

  Thus ended his life. 这样结束了他的生命。

  So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him . 他讲话的声音那样大,连隔壁屋子里的人都听得见。

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  一、过去分词

  过去分词兼有动词、副词和形容词的特征,可以带宾语或受状语修饰。过去分词和宾语或状语一起构成过去分词短语。它在句中可以作定语、表语、宾语补足语或状语。这节课讲解作定语、表语的用法。

  1. 作定语

  作定语的过去分词如果是单词,一般放在被修饰词的前面;过去分词短语作定语,一般放在被修饰词的后面。例如:

  There are many fallen leaves on the ground.

  This is a book written by a worker.

  2. 作表语

  过去分词作表语,多表示主语所处的状态。

  I was pleased at the news.

  The door remained locked.

  过去分词作表语,相当于形容词,常见的有:

  delighted, disappointed, astonished, interested, satisfied, surprised, tired, worried, excited, married 等。

  过去分词作表语时,应注意与被动结构的区别。系表结构说明主语的状态或具有的性质、特点;被动结构强调谓语动作。

  The small village is surrounded by trees.(状态)

  The small village was soon surrounded by enemy soldiers.(动作)

  I'm interested in chess.(状态)

  3. 过去分词做状语

  ①表时间,相当于一个时间状语从句,有时过去分词前可加连词 when 或 while 来强调时间概念。

  Seen from the top of the hill, the city looked like a big garden.

  从山顶上看,这个城市就像一个大花园。

  Accepted by the Party, he decided to devote his life to the cause of the Party.

  入党以后,他决定献身于党的事业。

  ②表原因,相当于一个原因状语从句。

  Exhausted, the children fell asleep at once.

  由于太累了,孩子们马上就睡着了。

  Encouraged by the speech, the young people made up their minds to take up the struggle.

  受到了讲演的鼓舞,年轻人决定起来从事斗争。

  ③表条件,相当于一个条件状语从句,有时过去分词前可用 if 等词。

  Heated, water changes into steam.

  如果加热的话,水会变成水蒸气。

  Given another chance, he will do better.

  再给他一次机会,他会做得更好。

  ④表让步,相当于一个though/although引导的让步状语从句。

  Laughed at by many people, he continued his study.

  尽管被许多人嘲笑,他还是继续他的研究。

  ⑤表伴随,说明动作发生的背景或情况。

  Surrounded by a group of pupils, the old teacher walked into the classroom.

  被学生包围着,那位老教师走进了教室。

  The trainer appeared, followed by five little dogs.

  教练出现了,身后跟着五条狗。


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